New York, A guide to an architectural city

The Architecture City Guide series is back, this week featuring New York City.  Grab a scarf and hat and hit the streets to check out some of the great architecture that NYC has to offer.  Think we left something out?  Add your can’t miss NYC buildings to our comments below.

Follow the break for our New York City list and a corresponding map!

1. New Museum of Contemporary Art / SANAA

Architect: SANAA
Location: 235 Bowery, New York, NY 10002
Client: New Museum of Contemporary Art, New York City; Zubatkin Owner Representation
Project Leadership: Saul Dennison, Chairman, Board of Trustees, New Museum; Lisa Phillips, Toby Devan Lewis Director, New Museum; Lisa Roumell, Deputy Director, New Museum
Architect of record: Gensler Architects
Project Management: Plaza Construction Corporation, New York City

Structural engineers: Guy Nordenson Associates, Simpson Gumperts & Heger Inc., New York City
Lights and illumination: Arup
Constructed area: 58,700 sq ft
Year of enchargement: 2002
Year of completion: 2007

2. TWA Terminal / Eero Saarinen

Architect: Eero Saarinen
Location: Jamaica, New York, USA
Project Year: 1956-1962

The TWA Terminal became an official landmark in 1994, voted on by the Landmarks Preservation Commission. In 2005 the Port Authority of New York and New Jersey began construction of a new terminal facility for JetBlue Airways which was completed in 2008 and now partially encircles Saarinen’s terminal. The original structure has not yet undergone the necessary renovations due to aging of the structure and is still closed to the public. Other proposals include an addition of an aviation museum or a restaurant. Even so, the TWA Terminal represents a moment of optimism and ambition in the American economy and in architectural history, as well as an inventive interaction between engineering and architecture.

3. Lever House / Skidmore, Owings & Merrill

Architect: Skidmore, Owings, & Merrill
Location: New York, New York
Project Year: 1951-1952
Project Area: 289,584 square feet

The building, although designated a landmark in 1982 by the New York City Landmarks Preservation Commission, was in need of a restoration by this time due to water seeping into the building and the breaking of the glass panels. By the mid-1990′s only one percent of the original glass remained. In 1998 Unilever, the original company of the Lever Brothers, only remained on the top floors of the Lever Building when RFR Holding LLC bought the building. They hired Skidmore, Owings, & Merrill once again to restore the curtain wall with state-of-the-art solutions in modern wall technology while still keeping the building’s original appearance which was all completed by 2001.

4. Solomon R. Guggenheim Museum / Frank Lloyd Wright

Architect: Frank Lloyd Wright
Location: New York, New York
Project Year: 1943-1959

In 1992 the museum built an addition that was designed by Gwathmey Siegel & Associates Architects that Wright had originally intended. The architects analyzed Wright’s original sketches and from his ideas they created a 10-story limestone tower that had flat walls that were more appropriate for the display of art.

Between 2005-2008 the Guggenheim Museum went under an exterior renovation where eleven coats of paint were removed from the original surface and revealed many cracks due to climatic reasons. This revelation led to extensive research in the testing of potential repair materials, as well as the restoration of the exterior.

5. Seagram Building / Mies van der Rohe

Located in the heart of New York City, the Seagram Building designed by Mies van der Rohe epitomizes elegance and the principles of modernism. The 38-story building on Park Avenue was Mies’ first attempt at tall office building construction. Mies’ solution set a standard for the modern skyscraper. The building became a monumental continuity of bronze and dark glass climbing up 515 feet to the top of the tower, juxtaposing the large granite surface of the plaza below.

Architects: Mies van der Rohe + Philip Johnson
Location: 375 Park Avenue, New York City, New York, USA
Commissioners: Seagram Liquor Company
Structural Engineering: Severud Associates
Project Area: 150,918 square feet
Project Year: 1954-1958

1273454432-lobbyfloorplan.jpg (332×450)

6. New Amsterdam Pavilion / UNStudio

Richard Koek

With an estimated 75,000 people passing by, the pavilion will act as the heart of a busy intersection with people crossing over and meeting, coming together and interacting. “Not only tourists, but also locals, people commuting from the train station, from the terminal, from the city, can come here and grab a coffee, can get information from side of pavilion, ask where to go, where to see, where to take a boat,” explained van Berkel.

1252546042-dsc05261

7. The High Line / James Corner Field Operations with Diller Scofidio + Renfro

James Corner Field Operations (Design Lead)
Principal-in-Charge: James Corner
Lead Project Designers: Lisa Tziona Switkin, Nahyun Hwang
Project Team: Sierra Bainbridge, Tom Jost, Danilo Martic, Tatiana von Preussen, Maura Rockcastle, Tom Ryan, Lara Shihab-Eldin, Heeyeun Yoon, Hong Zhou

Diller Scofidio + Renfro
Partners: Elizabeth Diller, Ricardo Scofidio, Charles Renfro
Project Designer: Matthew Johnson
Project Team: Robert Condon, Tobias Hegemann, Gaspar Libedinsky, Jeremy Linzee, Miles Nelligan, Dan Sakai

1240904550_dsr-highline-09-06-5189.jpg (690×460)

8. Sperone Westwater Gallery / Foster + Partners

Architects: Norman Foster, Foster + Partners
Location: 257 Bowery, New York, USA
Co-architects: Adamson Associates
Client: Sperone Westwater
Consultants: Buro Happold, Sciame, Edgett Williams, JAM Consultants Inc.
Project Year: 2008-2010

The design incorporates a mezzanine floor and double-height display area at street level, a sculpture terrace towards the park and a private viewing gallery at the top of the public floors. A setback marks the location of the offices. Works of art will be stored primarily in the basement, while a library – that also functions as an events space – is located at the top of the building below the mechanical floor. The CNC milled glass facade that houses the moving room act as a buffer zone, protecting the building from extreme temperatures and acoustically insulating the galleries.

9. Apple Store 5th Avenue / Bohlin Cywinski Jackson

Positioned at the center of the General Motors Plaza, this 32-foot glass cube is both an icon and an entrance to a store. Entirely free of structural steel, the cube is self-supporting. As an entry, this precise glass cube floats on the plaza with the glow of activity rising from below.
Visitors are drawn to the store level by a glass elevator within a glass cylinder and a spiral glass staircase that wraps around it. The descent is magical, gradually revealing a serenely detailed and clearly organized space.
Throughout the store there is a sense of lightness. Daylight pours in from the cube, creating a soft, ethereal glow. The computers on display assume stage center in a dramatic, well-defined shopping environment. Departing this world, the ascent up into the cube marks a return to the urban context, the open plaza, and an incomparable view of Central Park South.

10. Javits Convention Center / I.M. Pei

The exterior of this mammoth, five-block long building is an assemblage of rectilinear forms, all shaped by a framework of prefabricated steel modules fitted with clear glass. Inside, the structure is supported by tubular steel pillars that resemble chunky champagne glasses. At its south end there’s a spectacular 150-foot-high lobby, dubbed the crystal palace. Also housed within the center’s 1.8 million square feet: a 2,500 seat auditorium and acres of exhibition halls and meeting rooms

11. Whitney Museum of American Art / Marcel Breuer

Whitney Museum of American Art, New York, NY. Architect: Marcel Breuer. Photograph by Ezra Stoller. © Ezra Stoller / Esto

The Whitney Museum of American Art owes its striking granite presence at the southeast corner of Madison Avenue and 75th Street to the Hungarian-born, Bauhaus-trained architect Marcel Breuer (1902–1981). To design a third home for the Museum—which had gradually migrated northward from its original location on West Eighth Street to West 54th Street—Breuer worked with Hamilton Smith, creating a strong modernist statement in a neighborhood of traditional limestone, brownstone, and brick row houses and postwar apartment buildings. Considered somber, heavy, and even brutal at the time of its completion in 1966 (“an inverted Babylonian ziggurat,” according to one critic), Breuer’s building is now recognized as daring, strong, and innovative. It has come to be regarded as one of New York City’s most notable buildings and identified with the Whitney’s approach to art.

12. Empire State Building / Shreve, Lamb, and Harmon

1293020956-3555298006-a4d35926fc.jpg (333×500)

The Empire State Building rises to 1,250 ft (381 m) at the 102nd floor, and including the 203 ft (62 m) pinnacle, its full height reaches 1,453 ft–8916 in (443.09 m). The building has 85 stories of commercial and office space representing 2,158,000 sq ft (200,500 m2). It has an indoor and outdoor observation deck on the 86th floor. The remaining 16 stories represent the Art Deco tower, which is capped by a 102nd-floor observatory. Atop the tower is the 203 ft (62 m) pinnacle, much of which is covered by broadcast antennas, with a lightning rod at the very top.

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