Berlin, A Guide To An Architectural City

The twentieth century changed nearly all cities, but perhaps none more so than Berlin. From its destruction in World War II that left few historic buildings intact to its division until 1989 that brought together the architecture of two competing ideologies into one city, Berlin’s modern and contemporary architecture speaks to a past that seldom accompanies such recent additions. The city is filled with new and wonderful architecture that might not have found space in other cities in Europe. With that in mind, we were unable feature all our readers’ suggestions on the first go around. We will be adding to the list in the near future, so please add more of your favorites in the comment section below. Once again, thanks to all our readers for your help.

1. Berlin Philharmonic / Hans Scharoun

Hans Scharoun is a well known German architect best known for his design of the BerlinPhilharmonic concert hall in Berlin, Germany.  Completed in 1963, Scharoun’s organic and futuristic aesthetic interpretation for the concert was a replacement for the previous Philharmonic that was destroyed in WWII.  Scharoun’s design was fairly straightforward that focused on placing music at the center of his design, both conceptually and physically. From the center, the music would be amplified and filtered throughout the auditorium.

Architect: Hans Scharoun
Location: Berlin, Germany
Project Year: 1956-1963

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2. Jacob-und-Wilhelm-Grimm-Zentrum / Max Dudler

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3. GSW HeadQuarters / Sauerbruch Hutton Architekten

4. Memorial to the Murdered Jews of Europe / Peter Eisenman

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5. Jewish Museum Berlin / Daniel Libeskind

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The original Jewish Museum in Berlin was established in 1933, but it wasn’t open very long before it was closed during Nazi rule in 1938.  Unfortunately, the museum remained vacant until 1975 when a Jewish cultural group vowed to reopen the museum attempting to bring a Jewish presence back to Berlin.  It wouldn’t be until 2001 when Libeskind’s addition to the Jewish Museum finally opened (completed in 1999) that the museum would finally establish a Jewish presence embedded culturally and socially in Berlin.

Architect: Daniel Libeskind
Location: Berlin, Germany
Project Year: 1988-1999 (opened 2001)

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6. Reichstag / Norman Foster

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7. Pariser Platz 3 / Gehry Partners

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8. Neue National Gallery in Berlin / Mies van der Rohe

The building is 64.8m long, with only 2 steel columns on each side, which free the corners giving the building a lightweight look. A very “Mies” building, with a clear and radical idea put on a very minimal, yet detailed structure.

9. Neues Museum / David Chipperfield Architects with Julian Harrap

Architects: David Chipperfield Architects in collaboration with Julian Harrap
Location: Berlin, Germany
Landscape Architect: Levin Monsigny Landschaftsarchitekten
Exhibition Design: architetto Michele de Lucchi S.r.L.
Structural Engineer: Ingenieurgruppe Bauen
Services Engineer: Jaeger, Mornhinweg+Partner Ingenieurgesellschaft
Site Supervision: Lubic & Woehrlin GmbH
Project Area: 20,500 sqm
Project Year: 2009

Winner of the prestigious Mies van der Rohe 2011 Award, The Neues Museum on Berlin’s Museum Island was originally designed by Friedrich August Stüler and built between 1841 and 1859.  In 1997, David Chipperfield Architects won the international competition for the rebuilding of the Neues Museum in collaboration with Julian Harrap.  The design focused on repairing and restoring the original volume, respecting the historical structure.  Both the restoration and repair of the existing is driven by the idea that the original structure should be emphasized in its spatial context and original materiality – the new reflects the lost without imitating it.

10. Unite d’Habitation of Berlin / Le Corbusier

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11. Interbau Apartment House / Oscar Niemeyer

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12. Kino International / Josef Kaiser

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13. The International Congress Center ICC / Ralf Schüler & Ursulina Schüler-Witte

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14. Exhibition Hall of the German Historical Museum / I.M. Pei

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15. Berliner Congress Center / Hermann Henselmann

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16. Fernsehturm Alexanderplatz, TV-tower Alexanderplatz / Hermann Henselmann

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17. AEG Turbinenfabrik / Peter Behrens

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18. Chapel of Reconciliation / Reitermann and Sassenroth

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19. Netherlands Embassy / OMA

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20. Slender-Bender / deadline > office for architectural services

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21. Bauhaus Archive / Walter Gropius

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22. The Schillerpark Settlement / Bruno Taut

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23. Wohnhaus Schlesisches Tor / Alvaro Siza Vieira

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24. Velodrom / Dominique Perrault

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