Architectural Design: Intentions

Instructor(s): Prof. Paul Lukez

MIT Course Number: 4.104

As Taught In: Spring 2004

Level: Undergraduate

Course Description

This is the second undergraduate design studio. It introduces a full range of architectural ideas and issues through drawing exercises, analyses of precedents, and explored design methods. Students will develop design skills by conceptualizing and representing architectural ideas and making aesthetic judgments about building design. Discussions regarding architecture’s role in mediating culture, nature and technology will help develop the students’ architectural vocabulary.

Syllabus

Course Meeting Times

Lectures: 3 sessions / week, 3 hours / session

Course Description

This is the second undergraduate design studio. It introduces a full range of architectural ideas and issues through drawing exercises, analyses of precedents, and explored design methods. Students will develop design skills by conceptualizing and representing architectural ideas and making aesthetic judgments about building design. Discussions regarding architecture’s role in mediating culture, nature and technology will help develop the students’ architectural vocabulary.

Projects

There are two major projects for the semester, which will be broken up by two drawing exercises, the first a freehand sketch of the body, and the second a set of constructed perspectives.

Exercise 1: Drawing the Body

Draw a body at full scale. You may draw your own, a friends or a body of your choice. The aim of this exercise is both to create a beautiful and dynamic drawing, as well as use the drawing as an opportunity to analyze and document information (seen and unseen) about the body.

Project 1: Public Toilets in the Boston Common: “Private Acts in Public Spaces”

Public toilets are difficult if not impossible to find in America’s urban centers for a variety of reasons. Stated and un-stated concerns about hygiene, maintenance public safety, illicit activities, and lack of public funding have all contributed to limited access to public toilets. Yet there is a real need for such facilities by all members of society, from the homeless to Boston’s business elite. Instead, public buildings such as the public library are over-burdened by the needs of the homeless and our pubic parks and leftover public spaces (such as highway overpasses) become de-facto public restrooms.

Boston’s Mayor has taken an initiative to address this problem by soliciting design proposals for new public toilets from the City’s pool of emerging design talent. The first facility is to be built close to the Park Street subway entrance in the Boston Common. The mayor is assuming that the project will be managed by the City’s Parks and Recreation Department, and that City employees will clean and service the facilities daily. Nevertheless the Mayor must be conscious of economic and budgeting issues, and asks all designers to consider the use of durable materials and easy maintenance.

Exercise 2: Sketch Drawings and Constructed Perspectives

We will spend an intense week doing perspectives and sketches of buildings around campus.

Project 2: Quantanomo Bay: Intervention and Detention

For the next project, we will be investigating design issues associated with Quantanomo Bay in general and more specifically with Camp X-Ray, the detention center. The Quantanomo Bay Naval Base is located on the south eastern section of the Cuba, and covers 71 square miles of a strategically located harbor and surrounding land. There are more then 7,000 people stationed on the base, 3,000 of which are military staff.

The detention center currently houses in excess of 600 prisoners from over 40 countries. They are identified as “unlawful combatants” and therefore do not share the legal status and privileges of prisoners of war. Their future status and rights are not clearly defined, raising important issues associated with international law and the precedent this may establish for future conflicts.

Calendar

SES # TOPICS KEY DATES
1 Set-up Space Exercise 1 out
2 Review of Exercise 1: Body Drawings Project 1, Assignment 1 out
3 Group Organization
4 Site Visit
5 Review of Project 1, Assignment 1: Analysis Project 1, Assignment 2 out
6 Sketch Problem

Interiors

7 Talk
8 Review of Project 1, Assignment 2: Concept Development Project 1, Assignment 3 out
9 Sketch Problem

Sections

10 Desk Crits
11 Review of Project 1, Assignment 3: Sectional Drawings Project 1, Assignment 4 out
12 Sketch Problem

Axons

13 Talk
14 Review of Project 1, Assignment 4: Axon Project 1, Assignment 5 out
15-17 Desk Crits
18 Final Review of Project 1
19 Assignment 2: Intensive Perspective Week Exercise 2 out
20 Desk Crits
21 Review: Intensive Perspective Week Project 2, Assignment 1 out
22 Project 2, Assignment 1: Introduction and Analysis
23-24 Desk Crits
25 Review: Project 2, Assignment 1: Introduction and Analysis Project 2, Assignment 2 out
26-29 Desk Crits
30 Review: Project 2, Assignment 2: Concept Development Project 2, Assignment 3 out
31-32 Desk Crits
33 In-class Review
34-35 Desk Crits
36-38 Preparation for the Final
39 Final Review of Project 2

Assignments

The assigments are distributed to students during the sessions listed in the table. The final review of Project 2 takes place during Session 39.

SES # ASSIGNMENTS
2 Exercise 1: Drawing the Body (PDF)
5 Project 1, Public Bathroom, Assignment 1: Analysis (PDF)
8 Project 1, Public Bathroom, Assignment 2: Concept Development (PDF)
11 Project 1, Public Bathroom, Assignment 3: Section Drawings (PDF)
14 Project 1, Public Bathroom, Assignment 4: Axon (PDF)
18 Project 1, Public Bathroom, Assignment 5: Design Synthesis (PDF)
19 Exercise 2: Sketches and Constructed Perspectives (PDF)
25 Project 2, Quantanomo Bay, Assignment 1: Analysis (PDF)
30 Project 2, Quantanomo Bay, Assignment 2: Concept Development (PDF)
39 Project 2, Quantanomo Bay, Assignment 3: Final Requirements (PDF)

Projects

This section contains a compilation of student work from the semester, showing work from all the assignments.  All the work is courtesy of the students named, and used with permission.

  • Compilation of Student Work  (PDF)

Download Course Materials

This package contains the same content as the online version of the course, except for any audio/video materials and other interactive file types.

Download here.

Advertisements

Leave a Reply

Fill in your details below or click an icon to log in:

WordPress.com Logo

You are commenting using your WordPress.com account. Log Out / Change )

Twitter picture

You are commenting using your Twitter account. Log Out / Change )

Facebook photo

You are commenting using your Facebook account. Log Out / Change )

Google+ photo

You are commenting using your Google+ account. Log Out / Change )

Connecting to %s